The principle of operation and the advantages of the Finnish hook. The method of mounting live bait.
From the history..
The Finnish hook was often used by the father and his comrades - hunters and fishermen. Finns probably had nothing to do with this hook, but the influence of the northern peoples on the construction of this hook can be traced if we recall how the northern fishermen and hunters hunted a polar bear. They froze balls of seal fat with a sharp whalebone inside twisted into a spring. Bears ate balls, and then the fat melted in the bear’s stomach, and the whalebone, straightening up, gradually killed the bear or made him helpless in front of the hunters chasing him.
Something similar is in principle the work of the Finnish hook
Only there, a hook placed in the fish-bait mouth easily fell into the throat, and then into the stomach of the pike thanks to the sharp stinging antennae stinging back. But when the predator jerked and the hook moved backward, these antennae stuck into the tissues of the pharynx of the pike or stomach, became strung when the hook could only come out with the innards of the pike. Perch also fall on this hook, but only large, half a kilogram is not easier, and never swallow the Finnish hook. It is usually found in large humpback perches in the throat, sometimes falling into the gills.
The advantage of this hook is that there is never a predator to descend from such a hook, unless the pike or perch swallows a bait and it is at least in the throat with the hook. The descent of the predator from the hook is possible only at the first stage of attack and grip. This is when a pike or perch bites on a hook or feels resistance from a fishing line that is running off from the flyer too tightly or when the fishing line of the necklace is too tight in the slot of the flyer, when the fishing line does not give in to the jerks of the attacking live bait predator and does not drop from the flyer. Then the fisherman, who approached the zerglen on the boat, or checking the tackle set from the shore, will find only a line dropped a little from the flyer, about two or three meters, or he will see a crushed live bait on a hook that the predator could not swallow due to the tightly caught fishing line. Therefore, it is important to find a good middle in order to pinch the fishing line in the slot, which is usually done in one of the forks of the flyer. If the fishing line is too weak to fix, then a lively and strong bait can pull it off. If the fishing line is tightly clamped, a situation may arise, which was discussed above.
An insidious way is to put a bait fish on a Finnish hook, which guarantees reliable pike fishing
The method consists in the fact that a rather rigid metal leash with a Finnish hook is passed through the gills, more precisely under one of the gill covers, and then removed from under the gill cover and the loop loop is attached to the fastener on the fishing line of the girder. It turns out that the hook is in the jaws of the perch-bait in the form of a sharp antenna extending to the sides and back. Usually, when soft nichrome is used for the leash, then after the hook is fixed in the live bait mouth, the leash is bent up and fixed in the gill cover along its inner edge towards the live bait head. And then the bait fish is in a natural position, that is, it floats in water, as it happens in nature - with its back up. In the figure for the article, the hook for clarity is in an upright position. But usually the antennae of the hook are located in the corners of the mouth of the live bait in a horizontal plane. This natural position does not alert the predator.
Another advantage of the Finnish hook is its short forend.
If you use an ordinary double, then its long forearm will touch the gills of the live bait and injure them, from which the live bait will soon become worthless. The Finnish hook forearm usually does not reach the gills of the fish due to its unusual design, where on the bent forend there are two sharp antennae-stings without barbs.
It is best to take spare leashes with Finnish hooks with you for pike fishing with fly-buggers
Why "> Alexander Tokarev and fishx.org
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