The article describes the fishing of burbot from ice.
This is probably the most amazing and mysterious predator in our waters. First of all, this opinion is formed due to its unusualness in habits. Goes hunting in the black and moonlit nights of late autumn, in severe frosts of mid-winter. Then, in December-January, and spawning, which is not at all like our ordinary fish. All these features of burbot are related to the fact that he is a relative of cod, who also lives in the icy water of the Norwegian fjords. Only burbot lives in the fresh water of our reservoirs.
The taste qualities of this fish also differ for the better. If it was caught on an industrial scale, then its liver, along with cod liver, would also be sold in stores as a gourmet product. She is as tender and tasty as cod.
A very rich ear of burbot is obtained, especially if a couple of pieces of liver floats in a plate wrapped on top of the broth with a golden layer of fat. And the fresher the fish, the more the dish falls into the category of gourmet. And here, of course, the handicap of the fishermen, since it is they who bring the freshest freshly caught fish to the table. The burbot that happens in stores in a frozen form is already losing its special qualities, although it is also tasty. Well, this is the case with any product.
Fishing in the winter also has its own characteristics. Although it is believed that this is a purely nocturnal predator, but often on the Volga it takes in the afternoon. Often he bites on a spoon-bait along with pike perch and pike, and he also actively takes bait. But this is only in winter, when a layer of ice and snow forms artificial twilight under water. For open water in early spring and late autumn, his grip in the daytime is an exception. But even in winter, the main burbot fishing happens at night. At least in most places.
The most successful tackle for burbot fishing are live bait fish, ranging from primitive stalls to winter zergirls with flags. The effectiveness of live bait gear is simply explained: they are put in the amount of at least a dozen gear allowed by the rules, while catching a variety of sections of the river or lake. Spinning is only done to quench the sporting excitement of the angler. But there are, of course, exceptions in places with a high density of burbot, where he is actively caught on artificial baits without exposing zherlitsy. Here, of course, it is more profitable and easier to catch on bait than to solve a very urgent problem with live bait.
The simplest and most effective tackle are donkeys-deliveries. They consist of only a piece of the main thick fishing line or nylon cord, where at the end the load is tied and above one or two leashes are attached to the clasp. Why on a clasp "> a leash and again to hook a hook.
The main fishing line is fixed on a stick laid across the hole. You need to leave a little free fishing line so that the night predator can freely swallow the bait. It is better to throw the line under the ice, otherwise it will freeze above. And it’s better to use a summer flyer for fishing, only made not from a fork in the bush, but from some plastic or organic glass. Otherwise, the flyer will pop up.
Bait leashes are laid at the bottom. Burbot takes exclusively from the bottom.
Winter girlys are also successfully used. Most often, this is a structure consisting of a stand, where a stand with a spring and a flag is attached. Usually used pike necklaces, lowering live bait to the bottom. The metal leash, if it is not rough, can not be removed. Burbot pays little attention to such trifles, is too greedy and rustic in habits. Of course, if the leads are rough steel, then it is better to do without them. Although now they don’t put such ones, but use pieces of leash material, durable and flexible, like a fishing line. By the way, you can familiarize yourself with an interesting home-made zergel for ice fishing, here.
Recently, they no longer catch on “naked” spoon-bait or catch less often and only where there is a lot of burbot. And these are Siberian lakes and rivers. In central Russia, spinners, heavy mormyshki, jig with replanting fish are more often used. It can be a chopped ruff, roach, fresh tulk. It is advisable to plant the tail of the fish. But other parts of the fish carcass will go. The game of artificial bait with a "sharp" is not particularly difficult. More often it is poking at the bottom, swarming at the bottom, small pulls and tossing of spinners at the very bottom. Raising the bait above does not make sense. Burbot will only take from the bottom.
For fishing for barges and girders, the choice of bait is also simple. Most often, live fish or cut into pieces where there is no difference, the tail on the hook or the middle slice of the cut fish are most often used.
I recommend to read:
On the Volga in December
Features of winter baubles