We have already talked about the perch, but now I want to share some information about another representative of the perch family - about zander. We are sure that the zander does not need to be introduced, since it is the true and desired trophy of any fisherman, and by its popularity and various fishing methods it can be put on a par with the pike and perch.
Description of zander
Where to look for zander
Ways to catch zander
Description of zander
Pikeperch is quite widespread. It lives both in rivers and in lakes. And what’s most interesting, it’s even harder to find pike perch (unlike the same pike with perch), but if the place is right, then if there is a bite, this type of fishing will not leave anyone indifferent.
It should be said that zander has a tremendous resemblance to a bersh. As they say, they look very similar in appearance, live in about the same places, are caught on the same gear. The difference is only in the structure of the oral apparatus: the pikeperch has the so-called fangs, which the bersh does not have. Regarding other signs (which we may write about in the future), the issue is debatable, especially if there is only one fish in the hands and there is nothing to compare specifically with. On the other hand, both pike perch and bersh are very welcome trophies in catches.
As for the size of zander, the literature tells us that there are individuals up to 90 and more centimeters in length, with a weight of up to a dozen kilograms. Perhaps this is so. On our spinning rod, the largest pike perch had a weight of 3 kilograms, and our joy knew no bounds, as the individual was caught at night, which in itself creates some unusual and mysterious nature.
The body of a pike perch is covered with small scales, like a perch, a slightly spotty color is characteristic for a pike perch (stripes are clearly visible on the body). The color of the scales is darker from the back (greenish brown with different shades), lighter to white from the side of the belly. Powerful fins, providing a powerful jerk to the pike perch and excellent maneuverability in the aquatic environment, when hunting for fry and attacking fish that encroached on the pike perch territory.
Zander spawns in the warm season, when the water warms up to about 12 degrees above zero (in different sources you can see numbers up to 18-20). Interestingly, the male pike perch, after a very short time, shows a tendency to a predatory way of life. Having matured, this is fully manifested.
Pike perch is an active predator, gladly preys on the top, bleak, fry of some other species of fish. Unlike the same pike, pikeperch has some peculiarity: it does not prey on fish with a wide and voluminous body. For example, zander will not take an adult scavenger or roach, but a pike with pleasure. It's all about the physiology and anatomy of the digestive apparatus, zander simply does not swallow wide fish. Therefore, bleak, Verkhovka, dace and other "narrow" fish - this is the main food of this fish. Accordingly, making migrations, flocks of zander also move behind it. In general, speaking of the migration of pike perch along a pond, it should be said that it “is constantly on the move, ” and the places of its parking and exits depend both on the time of day and the availability of food supply (schools of fish), and on the age of the pike perch (individuals that make up flock) and the time of year. Knowing these features and some other behavioral aspects of zander, it can be roughly assumed where in the new pond to look for this fish.
Where to look for zander
So, where should you look for zander "> Ways to catch zander
They catch zander all year round. There are times when he does not peck. Most often this is in the spring, when the rivers have not yet entered the banks, and in the heat, which is typical for most species of fish. Otherwise, zander can be perfectly caught both in open water and from ice. Well, let's proceed directly to give some idea of catching this fish.
Pike perch are actively caught with a lot of amateur gear. Their most popular today are the following: spinning tackle (jig, wobblers), tackle, bait fish with a fishing rod, sheer lure. If desired, you can collect tackle with an oscillating narrow lure to catch zander on this tackle at the bottom. Although, they often use either silicone or foam bait. Jig-baits are either set with an open hook, or they are loose-handed, since when fishing on a rocky bottom there is a very high risk of hooks. By the way, not only hooks are clinging, but the sinker itself can become a cause for breaking gear. As you can see, there is where to turn around and try yourself.
Please note that zander can be caught both from the shore and from a boat. Fishing from a boat somewhat expands the possibilities of a fisherman, since you can also catch a bait in the plumb line, catching pits and exits from the pits, and catch bait fishing gear, letting tackle at the bottom and out of the pits. At the same time, there are areas where you can catch zander on bait fish with a float and from the shore. For this purpose, an ordinary rigid telescopic rod is used, as well as spinning with a margin of dough so that long casting can be performed. Pike perch bite is in many ways similar to pike. The point is that hooking should only be done after the float is completely submerged. As a rule, at first the tackle goes to the side, and after that, the pike perch drowns the float, i.e. swallows the bait fish. At this point, many authors and fishermen pay attention.
Spinning fishing is the most popular. Both jig bait and tackle can be used. They fish, mainly in the evening and morning hours, someone catches at night. At this time, the pike perch goes to feed, leaves the pits in which it stays during daylight hours. Just on the shallows, on the rifts, on the scythes, on the exits from the pits, by the thickets of grass, and they catch zander. In most cases, the usual step is used as a posting (this is a universal method), but the more variations in gear posting you master, the higher your chances. Please note, if fishing is carried out on spinners (we are talking about sheer spinners in summer and winter), then you need to put a bait of a narrower format. For example, a pike perch, most likely, will not take a spoon-bait for vertical fishing in the form of a spoon.
Remember, depending on the time of day and the parking of pike perch vary. You need to look for him. As a rule, in the late evening, closer to night, the pike perch runs aground, and by morning it again goes into holes and continues to search in deeper areas. Therefore, if there is no bite in the selected area, then there are two options: either change the place, or there is still no time for this place. What will be your strategy is up to you.
Catching zander and circles is a separate big topic (read here), and meeting a real specialist on this issue will be happy for you, since it is the circles who can tell a lot about the reservoir, tell about the habits of zander, bottom topography and other features that are so just do not understand.
In general, you can talk about all the features of zander fishing for a very long time. What are only foam rubber fish, which have become classics for lovers of hunting for zander. In addition, it is real to catch pike perch with bottom live bait gear, and look for holes with pike perch and bersh in winter, launching a narrow sheer spinner into the hole, and equipping a snap in the summer.
Pikeperch is a trophy, it is a welcome fish in the fisherman’s catch, but finding it is not so easy, but having found it, you also need to correctly submit the bait. All this creates a genuine interest in fishing for zander. Try your hand at fishing. Who knows, maybe you will be able to “hook” pike perch under 10 kilograms, and you will go down in the history of fishing stories and tales.
I recommend to read:
Bersh - description, fishing secrets, habitats